Fin-de-siècle Cities in Habsburg, Russian and Ottoman Empires. A Comparative Viewpoint

Level: 
Master's
CEU credits: 
2
Academic year: 
2009/2010
Semester: 
Winter
Start and end dates: 
8 Jan 2010
Co-hosting Unit(s) [if applicable]: 
Department of History
Stream/Track/Specialization/Core Area: 
Social and Political History in a Comparative Perspective
Instructor(s): 
Markian Prokopovych
Additional information: 
Part and parcel of the global context of urbanization, this region’s urban experience is crucial to the understanding of the condition of modernity and its consequences for culture. The city was both the catalyst and a product of this change that documented itself in various fields of what we broadly call culture: everyday practices and special events, royal celebrations and urban revolts, the reports of the modern press and the municipal (and other) approaches to urban “improvement,” the changing cultural norms of behavior and, lastly, diverse representations in architecture, music, theatre and the arts. Hence a diverse array of approaches and methodologies offered within these fields as attempts to link the urban and the cultural in the nineteenth and twentieth century. Method: Each class will consist of a brief overview of the topic by the instructor (circa 30 min), three very brief student presentations of the assigned readings (up to 10 min), and a discussion moderated by the instructor.
Learning Outcomes: 
- the course provides the students with a comprehensive and critical understanding of the recent scholarship on urban history in the Habsburg, Russian and Ottoman Empires and offers a broader European perspective of urbanisation and various aspects of urban culture at the turn of the century. - the course develops skills and techniques of comparative analysis and their application to urban and cultural history in the region and therefore aims at - developing a new research agenda for urban studies.
Assessment : 
The attendance of all class sessions is mandatory. Missing two sessions will result in failing the course. The final grade will be composed of class participation, including regular brief presentations of the required reading in class throughout the course (40 %) and either a weekly class journal or a final essay (3,000-4,000 words; 60 %).

First class: [saveppt]

 

READINGS

(1) Fin-de-siécle Cities: An Introduction

Reading:

Mikulás Teich and Roy Porter, eds., Fin de siécle and Its Legacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 1-9, 98-114.[savepdf][savepdf]

Stephen Frank, “Confronting the Domestic Order: Rural Popular Culture and Its Enemies in fin de siecle Russia”, in Stephen Frank, Mark D. Steinberg, eds, Cultures in Flux: Lower-class Values, Practices, and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia. Princeton University Press, 1994, 74-107. [savepdf]

Edhem Eldem, Daniel Goffman, Bruce Alan Masters, "Introduction: Was There an Ottoman City?" and "Conclusion," The Ottoman City between East and West: Aleppo, Izmir, and Istanbul. Cambridge University Press, 1999, 1-16, 207-214.[savepdf]

Zeynep Celik, Empire, Architecture, and the City: French-Ottoman Encounters, 1830-1914. University of Washington Press, 2008, 80-1.[savepdf]

Optional:

Mark Mazower, Salonica, City of Ghosts: Christians, Muslims, and Jews, 1430-1950. Alfred A. Knopf, 2005, 209-37.[savepdf]

Robert J. Donia, “The Making of Fin de siecle Sarajevo,” Sarajevo: A Biography. University of Michigan Press, 2006, 60-92. Available on Google Books.

(2) Urbanization: Generalities and Specifics

Reading:

Daniel R. Brower, The Russian City Between Tradition and Modernity, 1850-1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1990, 7-39.[savepdf]

Walter Moss, “Population, Towns and Urban Society,” A History of Russia. 1997, 121-4.[savepdf]

Wolfgang Maderthaner, Lutz Musner, Unruly Masses: The Other Side of Fin-de-siècle Vienna. Berghann Books 2008, 31-57.[savepdf]

Edhem Eldem, Daniel Goffman, Bruce Alan Masters, The Ottoman City between East and West: Aleppo, Izmir, and Istanbul. Cambridge University Press, 1999, 125-34, 196-206.[savepdf]

Optional

Dobrinka Parusheva, “Running ‘Modern’ Cities in a Patriarchal Mileau: Perspectives from the Nineteenth-Century Balkans,” in Robert Beachy, Ralf Roth, eds. Who Ran the Cities? City Elites and Urban Power Structures in Europe and North America. 2007, 179-96. Available on Google Books.

Nikolai Todorov, The Balkan City. University of Washington Press, 1983, 456-63.[savepdf]

Donald Quataert, “The European Provinces, Istanbul, West and West-Central Anatolia,” Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution. 2002, 49-61.[savepdf]

Donald Quataert. Social Disintegration and Popular Resistance in the Ottoman Empire, 1881-1908: Reactions to European Economic Penetration, Donald Quataert. New York University Press, 1983, 95-120.[savepdf]

Zeynep Celik, The Remaking of Istanbul: Portrait of an Ottoman City in the Nineteenth Century. University of California Press 1993, 31-81.[savepdf]

(3) Urban Society and Culture

Reading:

Richard Stites, “In Old Russia,” Russian Popular Culture: Entertainment and Society since 1900. Cambridge University Press 1992, 9-36.[savepdf]

Gary Cohen, "Society and Culture in Prague, Vienna, and Budapest in the late Nineteenth Century," East European Quarterly 20 (1986), 467-84.[savepdf]

Bozidar Jezernik, “Western Perceptions of Turkish Towns in the Balkans,” Urban History 25 (August 1998) 2, 211-230.[savepdf]

Donald Quataert, “Ottoman Society and Popular Culture,” The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922. Cambridge University Press, 2000, 142-73.[savepdf]

Optional:

Robert Lee, “Demography, Urbanization and Migration”, in Stefan Berger, ed., A Companion to Nineteenth-century Europe, 1789-1914. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2006, 56-69.[savepdf]

Haris Exertzoglou, "The Cultural Uses of Consumption: Negotiating Class, Gender, and Nation in the Ottoman Urban Centers during the 19th Century," International Journal of Middle East Studies 35 (Feb., 2003) 1, 77-101.[savepdf]

(4) Architecture and Representation

Reading:

Sergei G. Beliaev, “Funded Loans in Petersburg and the Development of the Municipal Infrastructure, 1875-1916,” in William Craft Brumfield, B. V. Ananich and Yuri A. Petrov, eds, Commerce in Russian Urban Culture: 1861-1914. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 2001, 39-47.[savepdf]

Particia Herlihy, “Commerce and Architecture in Odessa in Late Imperial Russia” in William Craft Brumfield, B. V. Ananich and Yuri A. Petrov, eds, Commerce in Russian Urban Culture: 1861-1914. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars 2001, 180-94. [savepdf]

Markian Prokopovych, Habsburg Lemberg: Architecture, Public Space, and Politics in the Galician Capital, 1772-1914. Purdue University Press, 2009, 1-18.[savepdf]

Nora Seni, "The Camondos and Their Imprint on 19th-Century Istanbul," International Journal of Middle East Studies 26 (Nov., 1994) 2, 663-675.[savepdf]

Optional:

William C. Brumfield, "Anti-Modernism and the Neoclassical Revival in Russian Architecture, 1906-1916," The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 48 (Dec., 1989) 4, 371-386.[savepdf]

Klaus Roth, Ulf Brunnbauer, Urban Life and Culture in Southeastern Europe. 2008 Available on Google Books.

(5) Monuments and the Public Space

Reading:

Dunja Richtman-Augustin, “The Monument in the Main City Square,” in Maria Todorova, ed, Balkan Identities: Nation and Memory. 2004, 180-96.[savepdf]

Michael Laurence Miller, “A Monumental Debate in Budapest: The Hentzi Statue and the Limits of Austro-Hungarian Reconciliation, 1852–1918,” Austrian History Yearbook 40 (2009) April, 215-237.[savepdf]

Cynthia Paces, “The Battle for Public Space on Prague's Old Town Square,” in John J. Czaplicka, Blair A. Ruble, Lauren Crabtree, eds. Composing Urban History and the Constitution of Civic Identities. Woodrow Wilson Center Press 2003, 165-91.[savepdf]

Zeynep Çelik, "Bouvard's Boulevards: Beaux-Arts Planning in Istanbul," The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 43 (Dec., 1984) 4, 341-355.[savepdf]

Klaus Kreiser, "Public Monuments in Turkey and Egypt, 1840-1916," Muqarnas 14 (1997), 103-117.[savepdf]

Optional:

Jeremy King, “The Nationalization of East Central Europe: Ethnicism, Ethnicity and Beyond,” in Maria Bucur and Nancy Wingfield, eds, Staging the Past: The Politics of Commemoration in Habsburg Central Europe, 1848 to the Present. Purdue University Press, 2001, 112-152.[savepdf]

(6) The Street Spectacle

Reading:

Albin Konechyi, “Shows for the People: Public Amusement Parks in Nineteenth-Century St. Petersburg,” in Stephen Frank and Mark D. Steinberg, eds. Cultures in Flux: Lower-class Values, Practices, and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia. 1994, 121-30.[savepdf]

Richard Wortman, Scenarios of Power: From Alexander II to the abdication of Nicholas II. Princeton University Press, c1995, 282-302.[savepdf]

William M. Johnston, “Hans Makart: Culture Hero of a Decorative Era,” The Austrian mind: an intellectual and social history, 1848-1938. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972), 141-3.[savepdf]

Zeynep Celik, Empire, Architecture, and the City: French-Ottoman Encounters, 1830-1914. University of Washington Press, 2008, 236-40.[savepdf]

Optional:

Ibrahim Muwaylihi, Roger M. A. Allen, Spies, scandals, and sultans: Istanbul in the twilight of the Ottoman Empire. Rowman & Littlefield, 2008, 87-95, 103-18.[savepdf]

Patrice M. Dabrowski, Commemorations and the Shaping of Modern Poland. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004, 159-83.

(7) Women, Gender and the City

Reading:

Catriona Kelly, “’Better Halves?’ Representations of Women in Russian Urban Popular Entertainment,’ in Linda Harriet Edmondson, ed., Women and Society in Russia and the Soviet Union. Cambridge University Press 1992, 5-31.[savepdf]

Susan Zimmermann, “’Making a Living from Disgrace’: The Politics of Prostitution, Female Poverty and Urban Gender Codes in Budapest and Vienna, 1860s - 1920s,” in Malcolm Gee, Tim Kirk and Jill Steward, eds., The City in Central Europe: Culture and Society in Central Europe since 1800. London 1999, 175-195.[savepdf]

Agatha Schwartz, Shifting Voices: Feminist Thought and Women's Writing in Fin-de-siècle Austria and Hungary. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2008, 3-19.[savepdf]

Fanny Davis. The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Press 1986, 131-70.

Optional:

Sally Ledger, “The New Woman in the Modern City,” The New Woman: Fiction and Feminism at the Fin de siècle. Manchester University Press, 1997, 150-76. Available on Google Books.

Gila Hadar, “Jewish tobacco owners in Salonika: Gender and Family in the Context of the Ethnic Strife” in Amila Buturovic, Irvin Cemil Schick eds., Women in the Ottoman Balkans: Gender, Culture and History. London: I.B. Tauris, 2007, 127-52.[savepdf]

Alison Rose, Jewish Women in Fin-de-siécle Vienna. University of Texas Press 2008, 1-7. Available on Google Books.

(8) New Press and the New Metropolitan Identity

Reading:

Charles A. Ruud, Fighting Words: Imperial Censorship and the Russian Press, 1804-1906. 1982, 181-226.[savepdf]

Daniel R. Brower, "The Penny Press and Its Readers," in Stephen Frank, Mark D. Steinberg, eds, Cultures in Flux: Lower-class Values, Practices, and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia. Princeton University Press, 1994, 147-67.[savepdf]

Nathaniel D. Wood, “Urban Self-identification in East Central Europe before the Great War: The Case of Cracow,” ECE 33 (2006) 1-2, 11-31.

Robin Okey, Taming Balkan Nationalism: The Habsburg ‘Civilizing Mission’ in Bosnia. Oxford University Press 2007, 217-258.[savepdf]

Palmira Johnson Brummett, Image and Imperialism in the Ottoman Revolutionary Press, 1908-1911. State University of New York 2000, 259-316.[savepdf]

Mark Mazower, Salonica, City of Ghosts: Christians, Muslims, and Jews, 1430-1950. Alfred A. Knopf, 2005, 230-4.[savepdf]

Daniel R. Brower, The Russian City Between Tradition and Modernity, 1850-1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1990, 170-87.[savepdf]

Optional:

Alexander Orbach, New Voices of Russian Jewry: A Study of the Russian-Jewish Press of Odessa in the Era of the Great Reforms, 1860-1871. Brill, 1980, 196-207. Available on Google Books.

(9) The Jews

Reading:

Michael Stanislawski, “From Jugendstil to ‘Judenstil’” and “Vladimir Jabotinsky: From Odessa to Rome and Back,” Zionism and the fin de siècle: cosmopolitanism and nationalism from Nordau to Jabotinsky. University of California Press 2001, 98-149.[savepdf]

Sarah Abrevaya Stein, Making Jews Modern: the Yiddish and Ladino Press in the Russian and Ottoman Empires. Indiana University Press 2004, 1-20.[savepdf]

K. M. Knittel, “’Ein hypermoderner Dirigent’: Mahler and Anti-Semitism in ‘Fin-de-siècle’ Vienna,” 19th-Century Music 18 (Spring, 1995) 3, 257-276.[savepdf]

Optional:

George L. Mosse, “Max Nordau: Liberalism and the New Jew,” in George L. Mosse, Confronting the Nation: Jewish and Western Nationalism, Hanover: Brandeis University Press by University Press of New England, 1993, 161-175.[savepdf]

Steven E. Aschheim, “Friedrich Nietzsche, Max Nordau, and Degeneration,” in Steven E. Aschheim, In Times of Crisis: Essays on European culture, Germans, and Jews. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 2001, 3-12.[savepdf]

(10) Serious entertainment

Reading:

Charles Maier, “Mahler’s Theater: The Performative and the Political in Central Europe, 1890-1910,” in Karen Painter, ed., Mahler and His World. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2002, 55-86.[savepdf]

William M. Johnston, The Austrian Mind: An Intellectual and Social History, 1848-1938. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972, 128-40.[savepdf]

Walter Moss, “Music" and "Popular Culture,” A History of Russia. 1997, 155-60.[savepdf]

Richard Taruskin, Defining Russia Musically: Historical and Hermeneutical Essays. Princeton University Press, 1997, 186-235.[savepdf]

Nermin Menemencioglu, "The Ottoman Theatre 1839-1923," Bulletin of the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies 10 (1983) 1, 48-58.[savepdf]

Zeynep Celik, Empire, Architecture, and the City: French-Ottoman Encounters, 1830-1914. University of Washington Press, 2008, 201-3.[savepdf]

Optional:

Fritz Weber, "Heroes, Meadows and Machinery: Fin-de-siecle Music," in  Mikulás Teich and Roy Porter, eds., Fin de siécle and Its Legacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 216-34.[savepdf]

Anselm Gerhard, The Urbanization of Opera: Music Theater in Paris in the Nineteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998, 1-16.

Alice Freifeld, Nationalism and the Crowd in Liberal Hungary, 1848-1914. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2000, 25-58.

Hubertus F. Jahn, Patriotic Culture in Russia during World War I. Cornell University Press 1998, 171-78.

(11) Popular entertainment

Reading:

Eugène Anthony Swift, Popular Theater and Society in Tsarist Russia. University of California Press 2002, 1-38.[savepdf]

Denise Jeanne Youngblood, “At the Movies: Theatres, Owners, Audiences,” The Magic Mirror: Moviemaking in Russia, 1908-1918. University of Wisconsin Press 1999, 33-45.[savepdf]

Camille Crittenden, Johann Strauss and Vienna: Operetta and the Politics of Popular Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000, 91-120.[savepdf]

Harold B. Segel, Turn-of-the-century Cabaret: Paris, Barcelona, Berlin, Munich, Vienna, Cracow, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Zurich. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987, 183-320.[savepdf]

Optional:

Dror Ze’evi, “Boys in the Hood: Shadow Theatre as a Sexual Counter-Script,” Producing desire: changing sexual discourse in the Ottoman Middle East, 1500-1900. University of California Press 2006, 125-48. Available on Google Books.

Barbara Lesak, "Photography, Cinematography and the Theatre: A History of a Relationship," in  Mikulás Teich and Roy Porter, eds., Fin de siécle and Its Legacy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 132-46.[savepdf]

(12) Everyday Life

Reading:

Daniel R. Brower, The Russian City Between Tradition and Modernity, 1850-1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990, 140-53.[savepdf]

William M. Johnston, The Austrian Mind: An Intellectual and Social History, 1848-1938. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972, 119-24.[savepdf]

Gábor Gyáni, Identity and the Urban Experience: Fin-de-siécle Budapest. Boulder: Social Science Monographs, 2004, 4-23.[savepdf]

Donald Quataert, “Ottoman Society and Popular Culture,” The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922. Cambridge University Press, 2000, 154-62.[savepdf]

Optional:

Erika Szívós, “Fin-de-Siècle Budapest as a Center of Art,” ECE 33 (2006) 1-2, 141-68.

Gila Hadar, “Jewish tobacco owners in Salonika: Gender and Family in the Context of the Ethnic Strife” in Amila Buturovic, Irvin Cemil Schick eds., Women in the Ottoman Balkans: Gender, Culture and History. London: I.B. Tauris, 2007, 127-52.